EU SAVE reducing energy use and carbon emissions of heating systems

Heating systems in dwellings is one of the most significant sectors of energy and related carbon emissions in the EU, in terms of both consumption and potential savings.

Front cover of Report - click to download PDF
download full report

download summary (24kB)


Download free Acrobat Reader


EU SAVE project. Labelling and other measures for reducing the energy use and carbon emissions of heating systems in dwellings

This project aims to improve knowledge and understanding of the stock of heating systems in EU member states, their energy critical components (e.g. boilers), and markets. The scope for developing labels and other activities to promote more efficient domestic heating systems in the EU is explored.. A model has been developed describing the number of heating systems of each type, in each EU country, in 1995 and 2005. This was used to generate 'business as usual' and 'efficiency' scenarios of energy and carbon emissions to 2020.

You can download a summary, or the complete final report as a PDF file. The Appendices can each be downloaded as separate PDF files (below):

The following are described in the final report, with further detail given in the appendices.

  • Aims
  • EU(15) energy consumption of heating systems
  • Characterisation of heating systems and their markets (detail in Appendix 1)
  • Standards governing design and installation (detail in Appendix 2)
  • Technical improvements and technological change (detail in Appendix 3)
  • Heating system stock model (detail in Appendix 4)
  • Scenario analysis
  • Seasonal efficiencies of heating systems
  • Electrical consumption of gas and oil central heating (detail in Appendix 5)
  • Market barriers and opportunities (detail in Appendix 6)
  • Stakeholder impact analysis (detail in Appendix 7)
  • Definition of possible labels (detail in Appendix 8)
  • Conclusions and recommendations

This work, which was funded by the EU SAVE programme, was carried out by 8 organisations in 7 countries, led by BRE, with contributions from others, including market research, and industry associations.