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Technical Data Sheet
Baxtonlaw Sandstone
Baxtonlaw Quarry, Co. Durham
Dunhouse Quarry Works, Staindrop Darlington,
County Durham DL2 3QU,England
Contact : Dunhouse Quarry Ltd
Tel. +44 (0) 1833 660 208; +44 (0) 1833 660 749
FAX +44 (0) 1833 660 748
Email :
Web site :
Grid reference : NZ 141 183
Compiled September 1997, updated June 2000

This data sheet was compiled by the Building Research Establishment (BRE). Where possible, data collected in earlier surveys has been used to help interpret the test results. The data sheet was compiled in September 1997 and updated in June 2000 using the results of tests carried out to the proposed European Standards. The work was carried out by BRE as part of a Partners in Technology Programme funded by the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions and Dunhouse Quarry Co. Ltd and does not represent an endorsement of the stone by BRE.

The quarry located at Hunstandworth, Weardale.

The stone is a pale-cream yellow sandstone from the Millstone Grit Series (Carboniferous). The stone is formed from fine quartz grains of even texture. The grain size is consistently less than 0.2mm and no large grain, pores or flaws were seen in the sample. The bedding planes are closely spaced (<15mm) and delineated by darker minerals of the same grain size. The mineralogy is dominanted by quartz and white mica. There is some secondary orange-brown iron staining that cross-cuts the bedding.

Expected Durability and Performance 
It is important that the results from the individual tests are not viewed in isolation. They should be considered together and compared to the performance of the stone in existing buildings and other uses. Sandstones from the Millstone Grit series are traditionally acknowledged as generally being a very durable building and paving stone and have been used extensively in many towns and cities in the UK. Baxtonlaw sandstone appears to be a very durable stone that is not effected by acid rain or air pollution. The low weight lost in the harsh saturated sodium sulphate crystallisation test indicates good resistance to salt damage (for example in coastal locations or from de-icing salts) and the stone seems to have good frost resistance. The strength of the stone is comparable with other sandstones. The abrasion resistance is comparable with hard wearing limestones and with some York paving stones and should be suitable for use in heavily trafficked areas.

Overall, Baxtonlaw should be suitable for use in most aspects of construction including flooring, paving, load bearing masonry and cladding.

Test Results - Baxtonlaw Sandstone
Safety in Use 
Slip Resistance (Note 1) 

Wet 73

Values > 40 are considered safe. 
Abrasion Resistance (Note 1)


Values <23.0 are considered suitable for use in heavily trafficked areas
Strength under load 
1) Compression(Note 2) 

123 MPa

Loaded perpendicular to the bedding plane ambient humidity
2) Bending (Note 1) 

21.1-24.9 MPa

Loaded perpendicular to the bedding plane ambient humidity 
Porosity and Water Absorption 
1) Porosity (Note 3) 


2) Saturation Coefficient (Note 3) 


3) Water Absorption

4.3 % (by wt)

4) Bulk specific gravity 


Resistance to Frost 
 Freeze/Thaw Test (Note 1) 

The samples showed no evidence of damage after 120 test cycles
Resistance to Salt 
Sodium Sulphate Crystallisation Test (Note 14) (Saturated)

10.0% Mean wt loss

Resistance to Acidity 
Acid Immersion Test(Note 4)  


All samples passed the test with no splitting or  delamination

(Test methods Note 1 = EN1341, Note 2 = EN 1342, Note 3 = EN 1341 /BRE 141, Note 4 = BRE 141)

All tests were carried out at BRE between July and September 1996)

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